### Definition

- Note :`a/b`=a:b
- Example :`1/2` = 1:2 = 0,5
### Simplifying a fraction

### Irreducible fraction

### Equal fractional writing

- When we multiply the numerator and denominator of a fractional writing by the same non-zero number, we obtain a fractional writing that is equal to it.
- When you divide the numerator and denominator of a fractional number by the same non-zero number, you get a fractional number that is equal to it.
### Fraction comparison

**Equality of fractions****Fractions have the same denominator****Fractions have the same numerators****Fractions have different numerators and denominators**### Adding fractions with the same denominator

### Adding fractions with different denominators

### Subtraction of fractions with the same denominator

### Subtracting fractions with different denominators

### Product of fractions

### Division of fractions

For any pair of integers a, b with b not zero, the ratio a:b is called a **fraction** the ratio a:b, it is denoted `a/b`, a is called the
numerator
and b the
denominator.

A fraction is also called a rational number.

To **simplify a fraction** we start by
decomposing the numerator and denominator into a product of prime numbers.
When the same number appears in both the numerator and denominator, we can **simplify the fraction**.

Example : `56/32` = `(2*2*2*7)/(2*2*2*2*2)` = `7/4`

A **fraction is said to be irreducible** if its numerator and denominator are prime to each other
To ** put a fraction into its irreducible form** sous sa forme **irréductible**, we divide the numerator and denominator by their
gcd
.

Two **fractions are equal** if it is possible to go from one to the other by multiplying or dividing the numerator and denominator by the same number.

Simply compare the numerators.

The largest is the one with the smallest numerator.

We return to the case where the denominators are equal by applying the equality condition of a fraction.

These are the calculation techniques that the fraction comparator will use in this example to compare the fractions `19/11` and `13/7`.

The **sum of two fractions** with the same denominator has the same denominator, so its numerator is equal to the sum of the numerators.

Therefore, we have the formula:`a/k+b/k=(a+b)/k`

The following example : `1/3+4/3` shows how to add two fractions that have the same numeratorr.

We reduce the fractions to the same denominator, to get back to the case of adding fractions with the same denominator.

The **difference of two fractions** with the same denominator has the same denominator, its numerator is equal to the difference of the numerators.

Therefore, we have the formula:`a/k-b/k=(a-b)/k`

The following example: `4/3-2/3` shows how to subtract two fractions that have the same numerator.

We reduce the fractions to the same denominator, to get back to the case of subtracting fractions with the same denominator.

The **product of two fractions** is equal to the product of the numerators over the product of the denominators.

`3/4*7/3` = `21/12`

The following example `3/4*7/5` : shows how to multiply two fractions.

Dividing by a fraction is the same as multiplying by the inverse of that fraction, using this rule it is possible to turn a fraction quotient into a fraction product and apply the rules for simplifying a product of fractions.

Example:`(-8/3)/(2/3)` = `-8/3*3/2` = `-8/2` = -4